Under Article 243K and 243ZA of the Constitution of India, the State Election Commission is vested with powers of superintendence, direction and control of the preparation of Electoral Rolls for, and the conduct of, all elections to the Panchayati Raj Institutions (PRIs) and Urban Local Bodies (ULBs). State Election Commission is a single Member Body consisting of the State Election Commissioner. The State Election Commission, Odisha came into existence on 27th May 1994. After constitution of State Election Commission the 1st General Election to PRIs as well as Urban Local Bodies was held in the year 1997. In three tier Panchayati Raj Institution direct elections are held to the offices of Ward Member, Sarapanch, Panchayat Samiti Member and Zilla Parishad Member. Indirect elections are held to the offices of Naib Sarpanch of Panchayat, Chairman, Vice-Chairman of Panchayat Samiti and President, Vice-President for Zilla Parishad. In case of elections to Urban Local Bodies direct elections are held for Councillor of NAC/Municipality and Corporator of Municipal Corporations as well as Chairperson/ Mayor of NAC/Municipality and Corporation.